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taxon links [up-->]Sciaroidea [up-->]Bibionidae [up-->]Pachyneuridae [down<--]Diptera Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Tree adapted from Oosterbroek and Courtney 1995; Jaschhof and Didham 2002; Amorim and Rindal 2007.
Containing group: Diptera


Amorim, D. de S. and S. H. S. Tozzoni. 1994. Phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of the Anisopodoidea (Diptera, Bibionomorpha), with an area cladogram for intercontinental relationships. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 38:517-543.

Amorim, D. de S. and E. Rindal. 2007. Phylogeny of the Mycetophiliformia, with proposal of subfamilies Heterotrichinae, Ohakuneinae, and Chiletrichinae for the Rangomaramidae (Dipter, Bibionomorpha. Zootaxa 1535:1-92.

Jaschhof, M. and R. K. Didham. 2002. Rangomaramidae fam. nov. from New Zealand and implications for the phylogeny of the Sciaroidea (Diptera: Bibionomorpha). Studia Dipt. Suppl. 11.

Oosterbroek, P. and G. Courtney. 1995. Phylogeny of the nematocerous families of Diptera (Insecta). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 115:267-311.

Sinclair, B. J. 1992. A phylogenetic interpretation of the Brachycera (Diptera) based on the larval mandible and associated mouthpart structures. Syst. Entomol. 17:233-252.

Wood, D. M. and A. Borkent 1989. Phylogeny and classification of the Nematocera. In: McAlpine J.F., Wood, D.M. (eds.) Manual of nearctic Diptera 3. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Monograph 32:1333-1370.

Yeates, D. K. and B. M. Wiegmann. 1999. Congruence and controversy: Toward a higher-level phylogeny of Diptera. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 44:397-428.

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Cecidomyia bisetosa
Location United States
Comments southern cone gall midge
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Sex Female
Source #0010149
Source Collection Bugwood Network/Forestry Images
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0.
Copyright © Jeffrey W. Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
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All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2007. Bibionomorpha. Version 29 November 2007 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Bibionomorpha/10499/2007.11.29 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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