Temporary Page



Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Containing group: Neoptera

Other Names for Mantophasmatodea


Adis, J., O. Zompro, E. Moombolah-Goagoses, and E. Marais. 2002. Gladiators: A new order of insect. Scientific American 287:60-65.

Arillo, A., V. M. Ortuño, and A. Nel. 1997. Description of an enigmatic insect from Baltic amber. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 102(1):11-14.

Baum, E., C. Dressler, and R. G. Beutel. 2007. Head structures of Karoophasma sp (Hexapoda, Mantophasmatodea) with phylogenetic implications. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 45(2):104-119.

Cameron, S. L., S. C. Barker, and M. F. Whiting. 2006. Mitochondrial genomics and the new insect order Mantophasmatodea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(1):274-279.

Damgaard, J., K.-D. Klass, M. D. Picker, and G. Buder. 2008. Phylogeny of the Heelwalkers (Insecta: Mantophasmatodea) based on mtDNA sequences, with evidence for additional taxa in South Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47(2):443-462.

Engel M.S. and D.A. Grimaldi. 2004. A new rock crawler in Baltic amber, with comments on the order (Mantophasmatodea : Mantophasmatidae). American Museum Novitates 3431: 1-11.

Klass, K.-D. 2002. Mantophasmatodea: A new insect order? Response. Science 297(5582):U1-U1.

Klass, K.-D., O. Zompro, N. P. Kristensen, et al. 2002. Mantophasmatodea: A new insect order with extant members in the afrotropics. Science 296(5572):1456-1459.

Klass, K.-D., M.D. Picker, J. Damgaard, J., S. Van Noort, and K. Tojo, 2003. The Taxonomy, Genitalic Morphology and Phylogenetic Relationships of Southern African Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Entomologische Abhandlungen 61: 3-67.

Picker, M. D., J. F. Colville, and S. Van Noort. 2002. Mantophasmatodea now in South Africa. Science 297(5586):1475-1475.

Terry, M. D. and M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21(3): 240-257.

Tilgner, E. 2002. Mantophasmatodea: A new insect order? Science 297(5582):U1-U1.

Zompro, O. 2001. The Phasmatodea and Raptophasma n. gen., Orthoptera incertae sedis, in Baltic amber (Insecta: Orthoptera). Mitteilungen des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institutes der Universität Hamburg 85:229-261.

Zompro, O., J. Adis, and W. Weitschat. 2002. A review of the order Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Zoologischer Anzeiger 241(3):269-279.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Mantophasma zephyra
Location Erongoberg, Namibia
Comments A mantophasmid from Erongoberg, Namibia. It was collected on the first expedition to find living mantophasmids.
Source File:Mantophasma_zephyra_Zompro_et_al_2002.jpg
Source Collection Wikimedia Commons
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0.
Copyright © 2002 P.E. Bragg
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Mantophasmatodea. Gladiators. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2003. Mantophasmatodea. Gladiators. Version 01 January 2003 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Mantophasmatodea/8251/2003.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page