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Bulldog ants, etc.

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taxon links [up-->]Myrmecia [up-->]Prionomyrmecini [up-->]Archimyrmex extinct icon Phylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Formicidae Interpreting the tree
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Classification and relationships after Ward and Brady (2003) and Dlussky and Perfilieva (2003).
Containing group: Formicidae


Myrmeciinae was redefined by Ward and Brady (2003) to include Prionomyrmex and the newly revived genus Nothomyrmecia. They gave the following apomorphies of the subfamily (states for some of these characters are still unknown in fossil taxa), reiterated by Bolton (2003):

Other Names for Myrmeciinae


Baroni Urbani, C. 2000. Rediscovery of the Baltic amber ant genus Prionomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and its taxonomic consequences. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 93: 471-480.

Billen, J. P. J. 1988. Comparaison entre les fourmis australiennes des genres Myrmecia et Nothomyrmecia. Actes des Colloques Insectes Sociaux 4: 27-33. [French]

Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalog of the Ants of the World. 504 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.

Dlussky, G. M. and K. S. Perfilieva. 2003. Paleogene ants of the genus Archimyrmex Cockerell, 1923. Paleontological Journal 37: 39-47.

Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 732 pp. Harvard University Press.

Ogata, K. 1991. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a review of the species groups and their phylogenetic relationships. Systematic Entomology 16: 353-381.

Ogata, K. and R. W. Taylor. 1991. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a preliminary review and key to the named species. Journal of Natural History 25: 1623-1673.

Taylor, R. W. 1978. Nothomyrmecia macrops: a living-fossil ant rediscovered. Science 201: 979-985.

Ward, P. S. and S. G. Brady. 2003. Phylogeny and biogeography of the ant subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Invertebrate Systematics 17: 361-386.

Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Myrmecia desertorum
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source On stage!
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Pierre Pouliquin
Scientific Name Myrmecia croslandi
Location Canberra, ACT, Australia
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Ajay Narendra
Sex Female
Copyright © 2006 Ajay Narendra
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Page: Tree of Life Myrmeciinae. Bulldog ants, etc.. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Myrmeciinae. Bulldog ants, etc.. Version 20 March 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Myrmeciinae/22204/2004.03.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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