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CharacteristicsThe Leptanillinae are characterized by the following derived characters (Bolton 2003):
- Promesonotal suture enhanced, very mobile and extremely flexible
- Spiracle of abdominal segment III large and far forward
- Pygidium enlarged to hypertrophied
- Pterostigma absent from forewings of alates
- Petiole sessile and with complete tergosternal fusion
Baroni Urbani, C. 1977. Materiali per una revisione della sottofamiglia Leptanillinae Emery. Entomologica Basiliensia 2: 427-488. [Italian]
Bolton, B. 1990. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Leptanillinae. Systematic Entomology 15: 267-282.
Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.
Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ogata, K., M. Terayama and K. Masuko. 1995. The ant genus Leptanilla: discovery of the worker-associated male of L. japonica, and a description of a new species from Taiwan. Systematic Entomology 20: 27-34.
Petersen, B. 1968. Some novelties in presumed males of Leptanillinae. Entomologiske Meddelelser 36: 577-598.
Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.
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- First online 20 March 2004
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Leptanillinae. Version 20 March 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Leptanillinae/22213/2004.03.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/